Men Treatment Options | BodyLogicMD

Can Testosterone Supplements Improve Your Sex Drive?

male hormone replacement pills

Testosterone can also effect women and cause fatigue or decreased bone density. This can pose some detriments to others in terms of side effects as it is an unnatural way to correct a problem. You will notice this yourself, feeling your energy have fallen off, while you gain weight, with decreasing strength. Individuals vary, and hormone replacement can be a simple or complex process and often requires careful attention to signs and symptoms, as well as laboratory testing. This is particularly true if you try to take it for normal aging rather than for treatment of a condition. Some experts suggest that testosterone therapy might reduce the need for the antidepressant medications entirely Morley , Carnhan and Perry

Factors That Affect Testosterone Levels in Men

The drugmaker Novo Nordisk partly funded the study. Women who have symptoms that significantly impact health and quality of life and have testosterone-level test results confirming low testosterone may benefit from testosterone replacement. Unborn and nursing babies may experience virilization. Continued Testosterone Replacement Therapy: Please click here if you are not redirected within a few seconds. First approved in , Depo-testosterone is one of the older drugs of its kind on the market. Theoretically, this could reduce the more serious risks of estrogen therapy -- and be a safe way for women who cannot take systemic therapy to get relief.

Morales et al Consequently, only albumin-bound testosterone and free testosterone constitute the bioavailable forms of testosterone, which are accessible to target tissues and carry out the actions of the essential hormone Morales et al Thus the bioavailability of testosterone is influenced by the level of SHBG. Aging men experience both an increase in aromatase activity and an elevation in SHBG production.

The net result is an increase in the ratio of estrogen to testosterone and a decrease in total and free testosterone levels Lapauw et al As will be discussed below, it is crucial that this skewed ratio be balanced. The liver is responsible for removing excess estrogen and SHBG, and any decrease in liver function could exacerbate hormonal imbalances and compromise healthy testosterone levels.

Thus it is important that aging men also strive for optimal liver function. The exact cause of the age-related reduction in testosterone levels is not known; it is probably the result of a combination of factors, including:. Body Composition and Inflammation: Testosterone affects fat cell metabolism and fat loss in several ways: All of these effects promote lean body mass and reduce fat mass Naharci et al , Saad et al Placebo-controlled trials have demonstrated both significant increases in lean body mass and decreases in fat mass after varying courses of testosterone treatment in older men.

In these studies, the greatest favorable changes in body composition were seen in participants with low baseline testosterone levels who received testosterone therapy for 12 months or longer Allen et al Emergent evidence suggests that maintaining youthful testosterone levels may help aging men avert a variety of inflammation-mediated disease, such as atherosclerosis and arthritis. By powerfully suppressing the activity an enzyme called 5-lipoxygenase , testosterone calms a fundamental pro-inflammatory pathway involved in the synthesis of signaling molecules known as leukotrienes Pergola Leukotrienes are derivatives of the pro-inflammatory omega-6 fatty acid arachadonic acid; these molecules underlie much of the inflammatory development of asthma and bronchitis, and play a role in the pathology of cardiovascular disease and diabetes as well Parlapiano ; Riccioni Moreover, when compared to men who received a placebo control, men receiving testosterone replacement exhibited significant decreases in body weight, and BMI, and waist circumference Kalinchenko The reduction in waist circumference indicates that testosterone reduces fat accumulation around the trunk of the body; this is particularly important since central fat mass and is strongly associated with increased susceptibility to inflammatory diseases and mortality Coutinho Bone integrity rests upon a balance between bone formation and bone resorption, which is controlled by multiple factors - including levels of estrogen and testosterone Tok et al , Valimaki et al In a clinical trial, testosterone increased bone mineral density in elderly men Kenny et al Testosterone supplementation also has a positive effect on muscle metabolism and strength Herbst This positive effect is undiminished with age.

Key to aging well is an optimistic outlook on life and the ability to engage in social and physical activity. However, low levels of testosterone have been associated with depression and other psychological disorders Almeida et al To make matters worse for aging men, many conventional antidepressant medications suppress libido.

Some experts suggest that testosterone therapy might reduce the need for the antidepressant medications entirely Morley , Carnhan and Perry Furthermore, testosterone treatment often increases feelings of well-being Orengo et al Low testosterone levels have been shown to correlate with lower scores on various psychometric tests Moffat et al , and similar effects have been reported in men undergoing androgen male hormone -deprivation therapy for prostate cancer Salminen et al Testosterone also acts as an endogenous neuroprotective agent, able to support neuron integrity against a variety of toxic insults, including oxidative stress Ahlbom et al , Pike et al Testosterone improves neuron survival in brain regions vulnerable to neurodegenerative disease.

This may explain the association of low testosterone levels in men with neurodegenerative diseases Hogervorst et al , Ready et al Glucose and Lipid Metabolism: Testosterone also has been linked to metabolic function in the body. Among the most popular testosterone boosters are products that contain some combination of tribulus terrestris, DHEA, zinc and d-aspartic acid. These ingredients have been associated with a number of side effects , including breast enlargement, cholesterol changes and prostate problems.

AndroGel and a number of other products contain bioidentical hormones. Scientists create bioidentical hormones in a lab to chemically match the hormone naturally made by the body. In theory, this results in fewer side effects.

Synthetic Hormones Synthetic hormones are altered from the original chemical makeup, so they do not match those made by the body. These types of drugs typically have more side effects. Men typically use testosterone drugs to address a medical issue — like Low T or erectile dysfunction— or to enhance their physical performance.

Testosterone levels in men start to spike during puberty and drop on average by one percent every year after age Lack of this key sex hormone in older men can cause health issues, including osteoporosis, loss of muscle mass and coordination sarcopenia , and psychological symptoms. Doctors prescribe testosterone drugs to treat these symptoms. While declining testosterone levels tend to be part of normal aging in men, others experience the dip because of disorders of the testicles, pituitary gland and brain that cause hypogonadism.

Other factors — such as injury to the testicles, cancer treatments, chronic diseases and stress — can also contribute to low testosterone production. The FDA approved testosterone as replacement therapy only for men who have low testosterone levels due to disorders that cause hypogonadism.

However, the agency has said testosterone is being widely used to try to relieve symptoms in men who have low testosterone for no apparent reason other than aging — a use for which the benefits and safety have not been established. Doctors analyze testosterone levels in two categories: Most testosterone is attached to a protein called sex hormone-binding globulin SHGB.

A small amount of testosterone is free, and a small amount regularly attaches and detaches itself from a protein called albumin. Any testosterone that is not attached to SHGB is considered free testosterone. Some men turn to testosterone to increase sex drive and treat erectile dysfunction ED , which is the inability to get and keep erections. In fact, according to an article published by Harvard Health Publications, some doctors used it to treat ED before Pfizer released Viagra in However, only about 5 percent of men experience ED solely from low testosterone.

Low testosterone levels can be a contributing factor to ED but are more likely to reduce sexual desire than cause ED. Abraham Morgentaler is an advocate of using testosterone for treating men with sexual dysfunction, including ED. Morgentaler does admit that some men may require testosterone and Viagra , however, in order to have adequate erections.

Because testosterone allows men to increase muscle mass and performance, athletes and body builders use testosterone-boosting supplements and drugs to increase strength and improve recovery time. Body builders in particular are known for their use of synthetic hormones to rapidly increase muscle mass. However, using performance-enhancing drugs, testosterone included, is illegal in most sports.

While the drug is helpful to men who are clinically diagnosed with Low T, men who abuse these drugs solely to boost performance face a number of possible side effects. As use of testosterone therapy has increased so has the amount of concern surrounding these products.

Critics say that Low T is a condition marketed by drug companies to increase profits. Doctors are concerned that the long-term effects have not yet been properly studied and feel there should be more agreement about what constitutes a normal testosterone level.

Because testosterone therapies are not proven treatments, they caution that risks may outweigh benefits for healthy men. Lisa Schwartz, a professor at the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, wrote a paper on drug companies marketing these hormone therapies. Over the years, men have sued the makers of testosterone products after using the therapies and suffering from heart attacks, strokes and blood clots. Meanwhile, researchers have conducted studies to better understand the effects of testosterone therapy.

According to the findings, reported in February in JAMA and JAMA Internal Medicine, testosterone did not have an effect on memory or cognitive abilities, though it appeared to improve iron levels in men with mild anemia and improve bone density. In addition, a clinical trial found one year of testosterone treatment in men aged 65 or older with Low T was associated with a significant increase in coronary artery plaque, a risk factor for heart disease.

Studies have linked testosterone products to serious side effects, prompting the FDA to take action in recent years to warn the public of the potential dangers of these products. Testosterone products and supplements pose a risk to women and children whether they are the ones using them or they are exposed to a man who is undergoing treatment.

Although testosterone is the primary sex hormone in males, it is present in all humans. Like men, women sometimes find that testosterone levels drop lower than normal, affecting various aspects of health and well-being. For this reason, a small percentage of women may be advised to use testosterone replacement to restore healthy testosterone levels. However, in recent years, some doctors have begun supplementing testosterone in women, typically as part of a midlife hormone replacement regime to counter the symptoms of perimenopause and menopause.

Primarily, it is used to address symptoms related to sexual function because it is thought that lower-than-normal levels of testosterone in women can affect sexual desire and responsiveness. While hormone replacement therapy for women has been found to be associated with increased risks of heart disease and other problems, Saad doesn't foresee that will be the case with testosterone replacement.

In a second study, Saad divided the same 95 men into three groups, based on age: Prostate cancer is a slow-growing tumor. He also advises routine prostate checkups while on treatment.

A test to monitor red blood cell formation, called a hematocrit, is needed, too. In excess, it can theoretically boost heart attack or stroke risk. Low testosterone levels are associated with an increased risk of death, according to Robin Haring, a researcher from the Institute for Community Medicine at Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University in Griefswald, Germany, who presented the finding at the meeting.

He evaluated data on nearly 2, men, aged 20 to 79, who participated in the Study of Health in Pomerania, following them for seven years until August He noted testosterone levels, age, weight , smoking habits, and physical activity.

The drugmaker Novo Nordisk partly funded the study. During the follow-up, men died. They were more likely to die of cardiovascular disease and cancer , but not of other causes. Another researcher, Jane F.

Iamges: male hormone replacement pills

male hormone replacement pills

Body Composition and Inflammation:

male hormone replacement pills

In women, the same side effects that are possible with direct use can occur. Is low testosterone dangerous to your health?

male hormone replacement pills

Topical creams or male hormone replacement pills are used on the surface of the skin and are applied to areas with little hair, like the shoulders and inner arms, for male hormone replacement pills absorption into the blood stream. A later study of men steriod body than 65 at risk for heart problems and heart-healthy older men showed that both groups had a greater risk of heart attack when taking testosterone supplements. Patches release the hormone throughout the day and are more natural, like pellets, to normal body processes. These replacememt, vitamins, and natural supplements can be used to increase testosterone levels and help people coping replacemrnt testosterone-related problems. Often, any necessary estrogen hormone therapy for men will be delivered by a pill, cream, gel or mals. Panel Backs Limits on Testosterone Drugs.